The fourth State of Australian Cities report was released this week and includes interactive web-based maps and the second tranche of Australian Bureau of Statistics’ 2011 Census population and housing data.
The report’s main focus is how the change in Australia’s industrial structure (described in the 2012 report) is affecting its major cities and what this may mean for productivity and equity.
Interesting facts include:
- Australia has one of the highest population growth rates in the OECD.
- Aside from city states like Singapore and Monaco, Australia is the most urbanised nation on earth.
- An increasing number of people are living further away from city centres in major cities while higher-skill, higher-paying jobs, are becoming concentrated in central areas.
- Australian cities tend to have higher private car use than public transport use when compared with overseas cities.
- Since 2008, residential energy use has accounted for 12 per cent of Australia’s total energy consumption.
Energy demand for space heating and cooling is projected to increase in the coming decades. Factors influencing increased demand include houses with the largest average floor areas in the world, the decreasing occupancy rate of dwellings and the increased use of whole-house heating and cooling systems.
Nearly 40 per cent of total national energy use is expended in moving people and freight. The transport sector uses 73 per cent of Australia’s total liquid fuel, with over half of that being used by road transport.
The transport sector also contributes the largest proportion of average household carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions at almost 42 per cent. Light passenger vehicle use alone accounts for 35 per cent of Australia’s average household emissions, by far the largest overall component of the transport sector’s emissions.
Rates of walking and cycling fell throughout the 1990s before recovering in the first decade of the century. The proportion of journeys to work made by bicycle is now the highest it has been in 40 years.
To read more about the State of Australian Cities click here.